RESETTLERS AND MIGRANTS ON THE TWO SIDES
OF THE BULGARIAN-TURKISH BORDER:
Heritage, Identity, Intercultural Interactions
Results from the work on the project have been presented at national and international scientific conferences:
N. Vukov – Borders from the Perspective of Community Integration at a conference of the working group Constructive Borders: Perspectives to the Criticism of Duality, within the frames of the COST IS0803 Project "Remaking Eastern Borders in Europe" – Nicosia, Cyprus, 14-15 April, 2009: presentation of the project emphasizing the processes of constructing identity among the communities on both sides of the Bulgarian-Turkish border (www.eastbordnet.org).
M. Elchinova – Crossing Borders, Re-defining Identities: Onthe Interpretation of Ethnicity, Religion and Kinshipin Cross-border Relations, at a conference of the working group Travel, Exchange, Translations within the project RemakingEasternBorders: aNetworkExploringMoney, GenderandSexualityintheBorderTransformationsofEurope’sEasternPeriphery," funded within the COST Program – Rome, 27-28 April, 2009: analysis of migration and crossing the border through reconsidering the categories of kinship, ethnic and religious belonging among the Bulgarian Turks, migrants to Turkey (www.eastbordnet.org).
N. Vukov – Integration de la communaute apres mouvements de la population: Adaption culturelle et construction identitaire parmi des migrants "Thrace" en Bulgarie, within the conference of the International Association in Anthropology for South-Eastern Europe (InASEA) on the topic Migration to, from, and in Southeastern Europe: Intercultural Communication, Social Change and Transnational Ties – Ankara, Turkey, 21-24 May, 2009: research perspective on the processes of integration of the Thracian refugees in Bulgaria after the First World War and keeping their community identity.
L. Gergova – Migration and Coming Back on Both Sides of the Bulgarian-Turkish Border, within the Third MyPhD Conference on the topic of Europe in Movement: Society, Labor Market and Stability in the Migration Age, sponsored by Friedrich Ebert Shiftung – Bratislava, Slovakia, 18–20 June, 2009: (http://www.humannageografia.sk/fes/programme.html).
N. Rashkova – Captain Petko Voyvoda in the Folk Songs of Bulgarians – Past and Present Interpretation, at the scientific conference within the Third National Folk Festival Songs about Captain Petko Voyvoda, Varna, 4th September, 2009.
M. Elchinova – Migration and the Civil Society – Local and National Answers, within the National Conference on the project Traveling Square – Connecting the Public Spaces of Bulgaria, funded by the Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe, head of project Prof. D.Sc. Ivaylo Dichev from the Sofia University "St. Kliment Ochridsky" – Sofia, 9th October, 2009: analysis of basic concepts and categories of the project, commenting on cases from the field studies.
M. Elchinova – Re-assessing the Traumatic Past Twenty Years Later: Everyday Discourses on the Exodus of Bulgaria’s Turks to Turkey, within the international seminar Hidden Histories and Promised Lands, funded by the COST Program on the project Remaking Eastern Borders: a Network Exploring Money, Gender and Sexuality in the Border Transformations of Europe’s Eastern Periphery, head of the project Prof. Sara Green – Queen’s University, Belfast, 19-20 November, 2009: analysis on the border and its diverse temporalities by comparing the stories of those who migrated in 1989 as well as of later migrants from Bulgaria to Turkey, reinterpretation of the past.
L. Gergova – Three Friends in Edirne, within the International Scientific Conference Border Cities: Creative Topographies, organized in collaboration by the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore and the Lithuanian Scientific Foundation, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1–4 December, 2009: analysis of the correlation between the cultural events and spaces in the city, and of the trans-border dialogue between local Turks, Turks having migrated from Bulgaria, and Bulgarians.
М. Elchinova – Migration and Affiliation among the Turks from North-Eastern Bulgaria, within the scientific conference dedicated to the 20th Anniversary from the migration of the Turks from Bulgaria to Turkey, Istanbul, 7–8 December, 2009.
N. Vukov, L. Gergova – Public Ethnic Spaces and Tourist Routes (Plovdiv and Edirne), within the National Conference Public Spaces of the Bulgarian City: Heritage and Development, organized by the Inter-University Study and Educational Center Memory, Heritage, Visual Environment (Center for Anthropological and Ethno-sociological Studies, Plovdiv University Paissiy Hilendarsky and Center for Intercultural Dialogue and Integration Prof. L. Bumbalov, South-Western University Neofit Rilsky) – Blagoevgrad, 26–27 January, 2010: initial assumptions based on the field research carried out in Edirne, Turkey in December 2009.
M. Elchinova – Concepts about the "Motherland": Memory and History in Constructing a Trans-national Community, within the Eighth International Conference in Social Science and History, organized by the Institute of Social Sciences and History – Amsterdam, Gent, Belgium, 13–16 April, 2010.
N. Vukov – Multiple "Dreamlands": Idioms of "Orientalism" and "Backwardness" in Border Crossing and Trans-border Trade in Bulgaria after 1989,within the Eighth International Conference in Social Studies and History, organized by the Institute of Social Studies and History – Amsterdam, Gent, Belgium, 13-16 April, 2010: on materials connected with trans-border trade, done by the so called "suitcase merchants" in Bulgaria during the last two decades and specifically those crossing the Bulgarian-Turkish border.
M. Zlatkova, St. Penkova – Bulgaria and Turkey as Cultural Capital in the Strategies for Higher Education among the "Second Generation" of Migrants from Bulgaria to Turkey – 20 Years after 1989, at the International Science Conference Migration and Diversity within the Great Mediterranean: Social and Other Expressions, organized by the Laboratory in Anthropology in the city of Komotini and Kamilari – Crete, Greece, 11–16 July, 2010: presenting problems of heritage, the border and intercultural relations among the generation of the twenty years’ old people, who are students at Bulgarian universities.
M. Elchinova. Migration and Transforming the Local Community (Comparison Between Two Rural Communities in Bulgaria). – Bulgarian Folklore, 2009, № 2, 7-21: the issue of border as an interiorized space and component, actively transforming the concept of local community and local belonging, based on the case of the Turkish community in Zavet, North- Eastern Bulgaria.
М. Elchinova. Migration Studies in Bulgaria: Scope, Experiences and Developments – Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 18 (2) 2009: 69-86: comment about the place occupied by the study of Bulgarian Turks in migration studies in Bulgaria; discussion on the methodological continuity between ethnic and migration studies in Bulgaria, the subordination of academic discourses about migration to the before-running public discourses (media, political), obsession of the migration studies in our country by the concepts of "identity," as well as the "national" belonging, etc.
M. Elchinova. Problems of Adaptation and Integration of the Bulgarian Turks, Migrants from Turkey since 1989: the role of religion. – In: Volume of Scientific Articles from the Conference, Dedicated to the 20th Anniversary from the Migration of the Turks from Bulgaria. Editor Dr. Mehmet Hadzhisalihoglu. Istanbul, publication of Yıldız University (in Turkish language) (forthcoming).
Rashkova, N. Folklore Music without Borders (Interaction and Dialogue between Musicians from Bulgaria and Turkey). – In: Common Borders of Understanding. Bulgaria and Turkey – Partners in the 21st Century. International Center for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations. Sofia, 2009, 193-203. (http://www.imir-bg.org/imir/books/obshtite_granici.pdf)
A. Parla. Workers with No Documents or Ethnic Relatives? Labor Migration from Bulgaria to Turkey after 1990– Bulgarian Folklore, 2009, № 2, 49-69.
L. Gergova. Migration and Return onthe Both Sides of Bulgaarian-Turkish Border. - In: Europe in Motion. Society, Labour Market and Sustinability in the Age of Migration. Bratislava: Friedrich Ebert Stuftung, 2010, 31-41.
M. Elchinova. Re-assessing the Traumatic Past Twenty Years Later: Everyday Discourses on the Exodus of Bulgaria’s Turks to Turkey (http://www.eastbordnet.org/working_papers/restricted/)
Theoretic Seminar Borders and Identities
Within the project – from the 1st December 2009, a theoretical interdisciplinary seminar Borders and Identities is taking place for students of Ethnology and Social Studies at the Faculty of Philosophy and History at the Plovdiv University Paissiy Hilendarsky. Main issues of the study were discussed at the seminar, among which theoretical problems of cultural heritage, cultural identity of the different generations of migrants, problems of field study, etc. The team members and guest-lecturers presented research results and impressions from the field work of the students who carried out structured interviews among children of migrants – students at schools of higher education in Bulgaria.
The seminar started with a theoretical block dedicated to the "contradictions" of heritage, reassessment of heritage and identity through the issue of the border, the name articulation, and the scientific discourse of identity. The lecturers Assistant Prof. Meglena Zlatkova PhD and Assistan Prof. Stoyka Penkova PhD introduced the context of reassessment of the so called "revival process" in Bulgaria: name and naming – the discourse of the majority versus the discourses of minorities, the change of name and the change of identity, the rites of "initiation," the "revival process" as a form of scientific discourse, etc.
At the seminar Name and Naming – the Problem of Double Identity with lecturer Gemile Ahmed discussed the approach of practical logic in studying the proceedings of conveying identities by change of name.
The Bulgarian feature movie And the Lord Came down to Visit Us by Petar Popzlatev, based on the script of Stanislav Stratiev, gave rise to discussions about the double identity, the issues and perspective of scholars (ethnologist and sociologist) during fieldwork research, about the specific work with memories within the context of "here and now." As a result of the discussion, a student’s course work in sociology of everyday life was prepared.
A graduating student in sociology took part in the seminar working on the topic about naming on the case from the movie "Eyes Stolen".
Other meetings of the seminar were dedicated to specific problems of an empirical study, conducted by students and related to their preparation for work with questionnaires for standardized interview, choice of interlocutors, successes and failures of the field work, assessment of the methodology, and impressions from the field, as well as initial results.
Results from the recent field studies in Kardjali and Edirne were presented. The visual topography of the city was interpreted through the eyes of the surveyed students studying Bulgarian Language and Translation at Trakiya University, Edirne.
Results from the field research in Edirne are presented at a meeting of the seminar, dedicated to exposure of the border and the heritage through the case of the Compound of Bayezid II – Museum of Health. In the discussion, there tool part also lecturers from the Department of Critical and Applied Social Studies at the Plovdiv University Paissiy Hilendarsky.