Page 190 - MIGRATION

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MIGRATION, MEMORY, HERITAGE: SOCIO-CULTURAL
APPROACHES TO THE BULGARIAN-TURKISH BORDER
Therefore, we may summarize that the good attitude, mutual help, respect and trust of
others (mostly of significant others) are key in the formation of value systems and attitudes in our
respondents. Since these are qualities acquired in the process of primary socialization at home,
they have become habituated to such an extent that they are crucial in defining and forming
identity and the sense of belonging. In parallel to these, our respondents state the importance of
‘good manners’
: the family is obviously the context in which the child is to be socialized in such a
way as to behave well in society and achieve social success and prestige in the future. This is also
a significant factor for the development of the future participant in social interactions. The Turkish
students in Edirne also state that good manners are important. We suppose that social control,
adequate behaviour – the cultural and symbolic capital – are a condition for legitimizing one’s
place in society, which is why children are taught such values from an early age. In this respect the
two groups of this generation show no significant difference.
2.6.4. Patriotism
Another interesting fact which emerged in the process of our study is that
‘patriotism’
is
also a significant factor in the value system of the ‘inheritors’ of the first generation of migrants.
Here we also encounter one of the differentiating dimensions of ‘contradiction’ in the forms of
‘inheriting’. On the one hand, the quality of ‘patriotism’ is to be interiorized by our respondents
in an intrinsically
binary
social environment, in which they are being socialized – that of children
born in the families of Bulgarian out-migrants to Turkey (the respondents themselves have dual
citizenship). Consequently, the process of their primary socialization happened in a social situation
which was yet to be habituated by their parents and was foreign to them. At the same time the
interiorization of the ‘love for the country of birth’ has to be unconditional so as to be successful
which entails an unconditional choice of one over the other. We find interesting this contradictory
‘occurrence’ of unconditional interpellation in the love for one country over the other which we
see twenty years later. What is more, the fact that the quality of
‘independence’
is not a key factor
in the formation of self-identity and system of values means that life in a community is still a
significant phenomenon in the formation of the doxa relation to the world, as well as in the whole
repertoire of unquestioned givens which allow the normal reproduction of life ‘as usual’.
Here we may posit the view that as far as the questions related to the socialization of
children are concerned, there is a tendency with out-migrants towards a strengthening of those
qualities which they deem traditionally important for the Turkish society, so that their successors
can integrate better in it.
2.7. Socio-demographic characteristics of Turkish students, children of Bulgarian
out-migrants who study in Bulgarian institutions of HE
Among the Turkish students we interviewed, 44% are female and 56% male. All the
respondents are city dwellers whereby those living in regional centers are the majority – 44%;
followed by those living in big towns – 15% and in small towns – 12%. Only 9% of our respondents
live in the capital. In itself this aspect is indicative of the topological distribution of the accumulated